Writing numbers hyphen

Please see the April 19,revised version of this article at Writing Dates and Times. The following examples apply when using dates:

Writing numbers hyphen

When a compound modifier other than an adverb — adjective combination appears before a term, the compound modifier is often hyphenated to Writing numbers hyphen misunderstanding, such as in American-football player or little-celebrated paintings.

Without the hyphen, there is potential confusion about whether the writer means a "player of American football" or an "American player of football" and whether the writer means paintings that are "little celebrated" or "celebrated paintings" that are little.

However, if the compound is a familiar one, it is usually unhyphenated. For example, at least one style guide prefers the construction high school students, to high-school students.

Noun—noun compound modifiers may also be written without a hyphen when no confusion is likely: For example, "that gentleman is well respected", not "that gentleman is well-respected"; or "a patient-centered approach was used" but "the approach was patient centered.

For example, "A cost-effective method Writing numbers hyphen used" and "The method was cost-effective" cost-effective is a permanent compound that is hyphenated as a headword in various dictionaries.

When one of the parts of the modifier is a proper noun or a proper adjectivethere is no hyphen e. For example, The Economist Style Guide advises: Less common adverbs, including all those that end -ly, are less likely to need hyphens". However, this has become rare.

For example, wholly owned subsidiary and quickly moving vehicle are unambiguous, because the adverbs clearly modify the adjectives: However, if an adverb can also function as an adjective, then a hyphen may be or should be used for clarity, depending on the style guide.

Similarly, more-beautiful scenery with a mass-noun is distinct from more beautiful scenery. In contrast, the hyphen in "a more-important reason" is not necessary, because the syntax cannot be misinterpreted.


A few short and common words — such as well, ill, little, and much — attract special attention in this category. Because early has both adverbial and adjectival senses, its hyphenation can attract attention; some editors, due to comparison with advanced-stage disease and adult-onset disease, like the parallelism of early-stage disease and early-onset disease.

Writing numbers hyphen

Similarly, the hyphen in little-celebrated paintings clarifies that one is not speaking of little paintings. Hyphens are usually used to connect numbers and words in modifying phrases.

Such is the case when used to describe dimensional measurements of weight, size, and time, under the rationale that, like other compound modifiers, they take hyphens in attributive position before the modified noun[19] although not in predicative position after the modified noun.

This is applied whether numerals or words are used for the numbers. Thus year-old woman and twenty-eight-year-old woman or foot wingspan and thirty-two-foot wingspan, but the woman is 28 years old and a wingspan of 32 feet.

National Institute of Standards and Technology recommend use without a hyphen: When the units are spelled out, this recommendation does not apply: In English, an en dash — sometimes replaces the hyphen in hyphenated compounds if either of its constituent parts is already hyphenated or contains a space for example, San Francisco—area residents, hormone receptor—positive cells, cell cycle—related factors, and public-school—private-school rivalries.

Object—verbal-noun compounds[ edit ] When an object is compounded with a verbal noun, such as egg-beater a tool that beats eggsthe result is sometimes hyphenated.

List of Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers - English Numerals. English Numerals - things to remember. Cardinal numbers refer to the size of a group. I am twenty years old. I have four friends.; Ordinal numbers refer to a position in a series. I know you can insert a hyphen for a blank cells, but I can't insert a hyphen for multiple cells that are blank. Excel does not seem to have a feature for that, but has one for one blank cell. style in technical writing. use of units with numbers. All numerical values that have dimensions must have their units specified. In general, the units must follow the numerical value every time. However, in a table of numbers, the units may be specified at the top of the column, provided all of the values have the same units.

Some authors do this consistently, others only for disambiguation; in this case, egg-beater, egg beater, and eggbeater are all common. An example of an ambiguous phrase appears in they stood near a group of alien lovers, which without a hyphen implies that they stood near a group of lovers who were aliens; they stood near a group of alien-lovers clarifies that they stood near a group of people who loved aliens, as "alien" can be either an adjective or a noun.

On the other hand, in the phrase a hungry pizza-lover, the hyphen will often be omitted a hungry pizza loveras "pizza" cannot be an adjective and the phrase is therefore unambiguous.When numbers are used as the first part of a compound adjective, use a hyphen to connect them to the noun that follows them.

This way, the reader knows that both words function like a . Which symbol should be used with numbers: a hyphen (-), or an en dash (–)?

The question may seem trivial — a dash is a dash, right? — but using the correct symbol aids comprehension, just as commas and semicolons signal distinct grammatical structures, and no one will argue that those two punctuation marks can be used interchangeably.

Indicate a range of numbers with an en dash. An en dash is most commonly used to indicate a range of numbers, like pages in a . a) Nineteen-ninety-four was a fantastic year. b) The year was fantastic. c) 19 ninety-four was a fantastic year. Please select an answer Although numbers at the beginning of a sentence are usually written in words, years can be written with numerals.

Correct. Writing Numbers Except for a few basic rules, spelling out numbers vs. using figures (also called numerals) is largely a matter of writers' preference. Again, consistency is the key. There are rules for writing numbers in fiction.

Learn when to use numerals and when to write out numbers. Learn the conventions for using numbers in novels.

Purdue OWL // Purdue Writing Lab