Rail transport Save Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks. It is also commonly referred to as train transport.
The adjacent sentences or clauses are given both for conven- ience sake, and because of their relation, more or less direct, to these words. It is proposed to inquire what is the meaning of this passage strictly according to the laws of the Greek language.
There is therefore no occasion for encumbering the discussion with a history of the various interpretations or theories. A dozen expositors may only reflect the opinions of one or two leaders. The language of the Nicene Creed he descended into hell naturally affected the opini9ns of the great mass of those who accepted it as a symbol, or incorporated it into their own formularies, aided as it was by the Vulgate version and the iRomish expositors.
A very large proportion of the Protes- tant expositors, particularly English and American, took the view of Augustinethat the preaching was done through Noah a view which has been widely circulated in modern times by Scott and Henry. But when on the Continent so eminent a scholar as Dc Wette declared for a preaching to the lost spirits while in prison, and was followed by iluther, it was very probable that even Alford, who seldom rejects their combined authority on a question of construction, would follow them here, and quite certain that such expositors as Lange and his translator would assume that no candid scholar could hold any other view.
It is the less necessary to busy ourselv. The reason is, that here one or two very delicate, though very well-defined, points of Greek usage occur in rather unusual combinations and inverted order, in a very long and cumbrous sentence, and in illustration of a sentiment itself somewhat elaborate and complicated.
To this may be added two or three words or phrases the meaning of which was aLso a subject of debate, and the sure misleading influence of a slight but long prevailing mistranslation. We will shorten the discussion by throwing out all topics not indispensable to our purpose.
We clear the subject of all collateral issues in order to reach the critical phrases, rop.
The common translation of the last-mentioned clause is, as Dr. Schweizer has remarked, equivalent to a wrong interpreta- tion. It is not surprising that in the earlier stages of Greek study the translation, which were sometime disobedient, should have found acceptance.
But we wonder that the sharp eye of De Wette should not have detected the error welche einst ungehorsam waren ; that Huther should have followed him den einst unglitubig gewesen Geistern ; and that Alford, who elsewhere clearly recognizes the difference between the attributive participle with the article and when the noun ha8 the definite article the appositive participle without it e.
As the determination of this clause aright virtually carries with it a large part of the discussion, we will address ourselves to the proof of this position.
To do this satisfactorily will require a recurrence to elementary principles. We might feel disposed to apologize for the rudimentary nature of the discussion did not the question turn upon these very rudiments, and were they not unconsciously and boldly set at nought so often in articles of no little pretension.
The functions of the aorist have not been more tersely defined than by Cartius: The aorist indicative is the preterite of a momentary action, and therefore denotes the actual begin- ning of an action in the past [ past events or single facts, with- out reference to the time they occupied, Hadley]; the aorist of the other modes denotes a momentary action, simply, whether of the present, past, or future [ simple occurrence, Goodwin]; the aorist participle regularly expresses something [a transient The Preaching to the Spirits in Prison.
Other late grammarians state the facts substantially in the same manner, including even the closing limitation, e. The empirical fact, then, is that the aorist states an act or event as introduced into being or brought to pass; to which, in the indicative mode, is added the fact that the date of the event is absolutely past, and in the participle its beginning is relatively past.
The philosophical fact is doubt- less correctly stated by Jelf The primary sense of the aorist seems to have been the occurrence of the verbal notion expressed by the root without any more reference to time than is necessary to the conception of a verb, and thus it is properly neither present, past, nor future; but as such an indefinite no- tion of mere existence is by the mind necessarily thrown into some time past, the aorist becomes the proper expression for -past actions, without expressing any exact moment of time.
The fact of occurrence, accomplishment, is the fundamental idea which alone appears in most of the modes; the date of the occurrence accidentally, but no less certainly, grows out of the nature of thd indicative mode and of the participle. Green generalizes still more fully: The points of view in which action may come before the mind, and which are severany expressed by the variety of form called Tense, are three, namely, pro- cess, accomplishment, and prospect.
Tense is thus not primarily and directly an expression of time [date], but only so far as the idea of time may enter by associa- tion with those that are primarily expressed by the several tenses, and have just been specified.
The Indicative mood directly combines with the essential idea of each several tense the further one of actual time, past or present.
This is the characteristic function of the mood, and the groundwork of its entire usage. Grammar of the New Testament, pp. He defines that the present tense expresses an action as matter of process, which being commonly while we are speaking, is an actual present Indicative; but as the process is sometimes laid in the past, this distinction is added by the Imperfect; the Aorist represents an action as matter of accomplishment, consequently, in the Indicative, as past; the Future views the action as matter of prospectiveness; the Perfect expresses a compound ideaaccomplishment and ensuing effect, action with its issue.
Crosby long ago anticipated this mode of statement. Such a participle must take its date from the princi- pal verb or assertion, and, as a fact accomplished, must be an- tecedent, at least in its beginning.
The annexation of a participle to the subject of the verb is one of the commonest and characteristic Greek usages to ex- press loosely the circumstances or occasion on which that action took place, and is by some writers called the circumstantial use of the participle. It is used to suggest the circumstances an- tecedent to though sometimes continuing simultaneously with the principal action, and out of which, commonly, the latter has sprung, or upon which it follows.The French Goodbye acaa-0bdde3-a2af-f74bb6c1 De Campo e Cidade André Teixeira,Mateus Leal b42bfdfeefd58cdcb Mefa (Original Mix) Steve Arana e16e-e7ccc-8e6d-7aeca13da Kapitel 10 (Teil 42) c7a-6ecc-b58cfba66ccb6c.
Vancouver’s centenary was simply a suitable excuse to hold a World’s Fair, given that all fairs are linked to important dates, such as the centennial of the French Revolution (Expo ), the th anniversary of the arrival of Columbus in America (Expo ), and the 10th anniversary of the gold rush (Expo ).
Bourdieu and Wacquant An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology Uploaded by.
E. Savva (Σάββα) Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Bourdieu and Wacquant An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology Download.
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in .
The collision between Russia and Turkey, which at present engages public attention, is only one scene in that persevering conflict, which is carried on, from age to age, between the North and the South,—the North aggressive, the South on the defensive.
The earliest evidence of a railway was a 6-kilometre ( mi) Diolkos wagonway, which transported boats across the Corinth isthmus in Greece during the 6th century BC. Trucks pushed by slaves ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element.