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The crisis exploded without warning across the sprawling U. Navy community in Norfolk, Virginia: A nuclear submarine and its crew had vanished in the Atlantic.
On May 27,USS Scorpion SSN failed to return as scheduled to its home port at the destroyer-submarine pier complex at the southern end of the waterfront. From Atlantic Fleet headquarters to dozens of homes and apartments across Hampton Roads, a day of anticipation and celebration had suddenly turned into an open-ended vigil of fear and uncertainty.
Scorpion and its man crew had left Norfolk on February 15 for a three-month Mediterranean deployment. The crew participated in several naval exercises with the U. Sixth Fleet and NATO, conducted ongoing reconnaissance of Soviet naval units in the Med, and paused to enjoy liberty at ports in Italy and Sicily before reentering the Atlantic for the homeward voyage on May Slattery, had radioed Atlantic Submarine Force headquarters early on May 22 that the sub would arrive in Norfolk at 1 p.
Its terse technical phrases meant only one thing: All submarine units surface or remain surfaced until this message cancelled. For four decades, the navy and U. The full account of its loss has continued to elude and frustrate researchers, journalists, and family members of the 99 sailors who died aboard the sub.
But a careful reexamination of the public record—as well as interviews with former U. Instead, it may have been the outcome of a deadly Cold War confrontation between the U. As documented in press accounts, U.
Navy situation reports, and the official court of inquiry convened to probe the incident, by nightfall on that Memorial Day, Atlantic Fleet commander Admiral Ephraim P. Holmes had ordered what would become the largest U.
Officials announced that Vice Admiral Arnold F.
Meanwhile, the first members of what would become a task force of nearly sixty ships and submarines and dozens of land-based patrol aircraft raced into the Atlantic that Monday night to search for the missing sub. For nine days the searchers scoured the ocean from the continental shelf to the Azores, looking for any sign of Scorpion.
They failed to find a single clue. Nine days later, on June 5, Admiral Thomas H.
In his message appointing retired Vice Admiral Bernard L. After deliberation, the Court shall submit its findings of fact, opinions and recommendations. Its mandate did not include determining criminal guilt or innocence.
During eleven weeks of hearings—most of them closed to the press and public due to the classified information under examination—the court took sworn testimony from ninety witnesses and reviewed separate exhibits.
Two months later came stunning news: On October 30,the navy announced that Mizar had found the wreckage of Scorpion. In effect, Admiral Austin and his fellow panelists had thrown up their hands. By implication, the court let stand an unstated premise that some unconfirmed mechanical malfunction had sent the submarine plunging to the Atlantic abyssal plain two miles down.
For fifteen years afterward, that was the extent of what the navy, submarine service, Scorpion families, and the public knew about what had happened to the sub and its crew.
Despite the many unknowns that still kept the Scorpion narrative incomplete, on one key point U. Navy officials, reporters, ordinary sailors, and family members had all agreed: Slattery had announced the arrival date and time in an encrypted message to Atlantic Submarine Force headquarters composed late on May Admiral Schade and other staff officers who appeared before the court of inquiry said the same thing: The crisis had begun on May Greene, who as Submarine Division 62 commander in was responsible for Scorpion and three other nuclear attack boats, remained adamant on that point many years later: A second premise on which all officials agreed was that Scorpion had been operating under radio silence following the transmission of the May 21 message, a common practice for submarines at sea.
He disclosed that the Atlantic Fleet had actually launched a highly classified search for Scorpion sometime shortly after May They were due to report in to us shortly thereafter. But then the old submariner made another surprising revelation: Referring to press reports that Schade had been aboard the Groton-based Pargo on the morning of May As soon as we were concerned that she had not checked in.
And in fact, he had placed them all at our disposal and this was quite an amazing set of operational circumstances because we controlled the entire resources of the Atlantic Fleet from a submarine at sea.Anticipating what will not happen in the future is just as important as attempting to predict what will happen.
Here then are five things the future will not bring. I want to start this article by doing a little thought experiment.
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yunusemremert.com dba yunusemremert.com maintains responsibility for the program. During daylight hours, approximately , drivers are using cell phones while driving. That creates enormous potential for deaths and injuries on U.S.
The number of traffic accidents caused by drivers using mobile phones during the 12 months after the Road Traffic Law was revised in November to ban mobile phone use while driving fell percent from the previous 12 months to 1, in Japan, according to a National Police Agency survey 6. About yunusemremert.com Plagiarism is a common (and often misunderstood) problem that is often the result of a lack of knowledge and skills. Our mission is to support the education community with a comprehensive set of resources to help students write with integrity. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Teens were the largest age group reported as distracted at the time of fatal crashes. David drums his fingers on his desk as he scans the e-mail on his computer screen. At the same time, he’s talking on the phone to an executive halfway around the world.
This week’s Geopolitical News and Analysis has been slightly delayed because a South Korean professional assassination team was spotted around this reporter’s home in Tokyo.